The history of salt is connected with the Canary Islands. It is know that the Canarian indigenous collected salt from the ponds and used it to preserve their food. Over the years, in The Canary Islands was started the construction of different salt mines. Salt become very important to the man who used it like bargaining chip; the salary was also paid with salt grains.

In the middle of the 16th century, it was built the first salt mines over the rocks. The process to obtain the salt was similar to the one used by the indigenous. They used the high tide and the water that kept in ponds was carried on buckets to the tanks (called cocederos). With stones and mud they built small pond (called mareta) where water was deposited and then it would evaporated. After a few days there only remained the salt. 

It was in the mid 17th century when the use of salt was essential in the Canary Islands. It was built salt mines in the southwest of Gran Canaria, in Lanzarote and Fuerteventura.

The are of Janubio had an important role as a port in Lanzarote before the eruptions of 1730. It was the place chosen by lot of ships that came from other islands to load lime stones and cereal. When the eruptions happened, the lava closed the old gulf and let a small lagoon inside. The port disappeared and in 1985 started to built what today we know as the Janubio salt mines thanks to Vicente Lleó. This man gave them up to his nephew who finished them in 1945.


The Janubio salt mines have been always connected to fishing and the industry derived from it. However, the disappearance of fishing with the revolution of new technology to preserve food it has caused that the production of salt has strongly decreased.  

The  red colour of the salt mines it is due to a little red crustacean, the artemia salina, although there is also an alga responsible for it color, the Dunaliella salina.

The harvest of salt takes place from spring season to early autumn. In this period the sunshine is stronger and there is little risk of rain, so it let the crystallization and the collect the salt.

Since 1987 the Janubio salt mines are included in the Canary Islands Network for Protected Natural Areas (Red Canaria de Espacios Naturales Protegidos). First it was classify as Natural Space (Paraje Natural) and today it has the category of Site of Scientific Interest. Moreover, the Janubio salt mines were declared International Bird Are (IBA), it is mean that is an international importance area for birds, and also is a SPA (Special Protection Area) taking part of the Natura 2000 and of the Ramsar Convention about wetlands of the world.

It is an area of great interest both historical and faunal. Lot of ornithologists go to this area in the migration period to observe birds. It is a privilege area not only to see residen species but also migratory birds.  


Check out our Travel Tips

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Natural pools in Lanzarote

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Birdwatching: Salt flats of Janubio

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Caleta de Famara, a village with history

In an extraordinary spot of Lanzarote, in front of an impressive cliff and an amazing beach, is located Caleta de Famara, a fishing village of small white houses with blue and green woodwork which attracts all its visitors. Today we invite you to discover this beautiful and wild place of the island.

Black sand beaches in the Canary Islands

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The islet of Alegranza

The islet of Alegranza, in the north of Lanzarote, is part of what is known as Chinijo Archipelago. Its volcanic landscape, its lighthouse or the great variety of birds we can see here are only some of the attractions of this natural spot.

Viewpoints of the Canary Islands II

After a first chapter, we want you still get different perspectives of the Canary Islands when you visit them. For this reason, we show you seven viewpoints more from where you will have amazing views of every island. Each one will surprise you and give you a different perspective of the island.

José Saramago House Museum

In the village of Tias, in Lanzarote, was the great part of the last years of his life the Nobel Prize in Literature José Saramago.
He defined his house as “a house made of books”. Now is a museum, and let us visit the study where he wrote “Blindness” or the ‘Cuadernos de Lanzarote’.

Lighthouses in Fuerteventura

Fuerteventura is known by its idyllic beaches, its sand dunes or its picturesque villages. But also we can visit it through its lighthouses.
Fascinating viewpoints, some of them have been transformed into interesting museums, the lighthouses and its sparkles keep countless stories of seamen and sailors from ancient times. Today we visit, from the north to the south, some of the most famous ones in the island.

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