“Los Molinos” Interpretation Center is located in the town of Tiscamanita, in the municipality of Tuineje, in the geographical centre of the island. It is part of the group of museums managed by the Council of Fuerteventura and is situated in a traditional and typical house of the island, close to a restored windmill. This centre is the perfect place to discover the different systems used to grind the cereals, its typology, history and functioning of the windmills of Fuerteventura.
The windmills were introduced in Fuerteventura, between the XVIII and XIX century. At this time there was an increase in the cultivation of crops in the island, such as tomatoes, alfalfa, wheat and barley. This implementation was favored by the “alisios winds”, its source of energy. For this reason, many windmills were built in open areas, where the winds, especially in the north and centre of the island, boosted its working.
Once you are in this centre, you will find different screens where the typology and operation of the mills are explained. You will learn that the traditional windmill is known in Fuerteventura as “male mill” (molino), a masonry made of stones, mud and lime, with a circular floor and crowned by a wooden top that rotates through the rudder, pushing the blades with the help of the wind.
You will see the difference with the mill (molina), created by the Isidro Ortega, from La Palma, in the XIX century. This one is instead made up of 3 parts: the tower, the equipment, and the building. The wooden tower holds all the mechanism on a rectangular masonry room, in which the miller made his work, with the advantage of not having to climb or descend floors with the heavy sacks of cereals.
In this Interpretation Center you will be able to know all the culture created around the “gofio”, which was the best ally to alleviate hunger for centuries in the island and today the most famous food in the Canary Islands. The cultivation of the cereal was essential for the economy of the island for decades. The territory and the rural landscape of the island were transformed around this activity. Although the passing of time meant the arrival of new economic models, such as the tourism, they have managed to preserve our hallmarks.
The Council of Fuerteventura has recovered and protect the cultural heritage of the island, and thanks to this, today we can contemplate these elements that bear witness to the ways of life developed in the island for centuries, such as “male mills”, mills, silent witnesses of the history of the island.